THESE SAFETY RULES
ARE OBLIGATION FOR ALL FIREARMS MADE BY ZAFER. SOME OF THE OPERATIONS MENTIONED BELOW ARE
NOT FOR ALL PRODUCTS. FOR INSTANCE CHECKING THE
RECEIVER FOR SHELL IS NOT CONTROL FOR OVER&UNDER
SHOTGUNS. IT IS FOR SEMI AUTOMATIC SHOTGUNS.
1. RULE: ALWAYS KEEP THE MUZZLE POINTED IN A SAFE
DIRECTION. NEVER POINT A FIREARM AT SOMETHING THAT
IS NOT SAFE TO SHOOT!
This is the most important gun safety rule. A safe
direction is one in which an accidental discharge
will not cause injury to yourself or others. Never
allow your gun to point at anything you don't intend
to shoot. Never let the muzzle of a firearm point at
any part of your body or at another person. Never
look into the muzzle or change tubes on a loaded gun,
even with safety engaged. During the choke operation
either open the action or lift the barrel out of the
receiver. Be especially careful when you're loading
or unloading. Before choke operation, either open
the action or lift the barrel out of the receiver.
Treat every gun as if it were loaded. To be sure
that the gun is empty, open the chamber and check.
And make it a habit to know where your muzzle is
pointed at all times, even when your firearm is
No one will be injured by an accidental discharge if
you keep your firearm pointed in a safe direction.
It's as simple as that.
2. RULE: FIREARMS SHOULD BE UNLOADED WHEN NOT
ACTUALLY IN USE.
Load your firearm only when you're in the field or
on the target range and ready to fire. Never let a
loaded gun out of your sight or out of your hands.
Unload it as soon as you're finished shooting -
before you bring it into your car, camp or home.
Remember, unloading your firearm means unloading it
completely, so there is no ammunition in the chamber
or in the magazine.
Before handling a firearm or passing it to someone
else, visually check the chamber, receiver and
magazine to be certain they do not contain
ammunition. Always keep the gun's action open when
not in use. Never assume a gun is unloaded even if
you were the last person to use it. Always check for
Let common sense rule when you carry a loaded gun.
If you're in any situation that could risk
accidental discharge - such as crossing a fence,
wading through a stream, or climbing a tree - always
unload your gun. Never pull or push a loaded firearm
toward yourself or another person. And never carry a
loaded gun in a scabbard, detached holster or gun
Safe storage of firearms is just as critical as safe
handling. Never store guns loaded and be sure to
keep your firearms in a secure place where no one
can get their hands on them without your knowledge.
Take special care if there are children around. It
is your responsibility to insure that children under
the age of 18 or other unauthorized persons do not
gain access to your firearm. To reduce the risk of
accidents involving children, unload your firearm,
lock it and store the ammunition in a separate
locked location. Please note that devices intended
to prevent accidents - for example, cable locks,
chamber plugs, etc, - may not prevent use or misuse
of your firearm by a determined person. Steel gun
safes may be more appropriate to reduce the
likelihood of intentional misuse of a firearm by an
unauthorized child or person.
Kids are fascinated by guns. It's a natural
curiosity that can have tragic consequences when not
properly supervised. Store your firearms in a locked
gun safe or some other location that physically bars
a child from gaining access. Ammunition should be
stored and locked in a location separate from your
firearms. Never leave an unsecured firearm or
ammunition in a closet, dresser drawer or under the
Remember, it is your responsibility to make sure
that children and others unfamiliar with firearms
cannot get access to your firearms and ammunition.
3. RULE: DON'T RELY ON YOUR GUN'S SAFETY. SAFETY
DEVICES ARE NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR SAFE HANDLING
Treat every gun as if it can fire at any time,
whether or not there's pressure on the trigger. Your
firearm has been carefully designed to maximize
performance and safety. However, a gun's safety is a
mechanical device and, like any mechanical device,
it could fail.
Human error is a more likely reason for a gun safety
to fail. By mistake, you may think the safety is on
when it really isn't. Or the safety may have been
disengaged without your knowledge. Or you could
think your gun is unloaded when there's actually a
cartridge or shell in it. A safety is not a
substitute for common sense. It's merely a
supplement to your proper handling of a firearm.
Don't touch the trigger on a firearm until you are
ready to shoot. Keep your fingers away from the
trigger when you're loading or unloading. And don't
pull the trigger when the safety is engaged or
positioned anywhere between safe and fire.
Read your instruction manual to understand the exact
location and operation of your firearm's safety.
Even when the safety is on, maintain control of your
loaded firearm and control the direction of the
muzzle. In other words, don't rely on your safety to
justify careless handling. If your firearm's
internal mechanisms are broken or have been altered,
your firearm may fire even when the safety is on.
Remember, you and your safe gun handling practices
are your gun's best safety.
Never rely solely on a safety device to prevent an
accident. It is imperative that you know and use the
safety features of the particular firearm you are
handling, but accidents can best be prevented by
following the safe handling procedures described in
these safety rules and elsewhere in the product
manual. To further familiarize with the proper use
of this or other firearms, take a Firearms Safety
Course taught by an expert in firearms use and
4. RULE: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND WHAT'S BEYOND
IT. NEVER SHOOT AT WATER OR AT A HARD SURFACE.
Shooting at the surface of water or at a rock or
other hard surface increases the chance of ricochets
or fragmentation of the bullet or shot, which can
result in the projectile striking an unintended or
You can't stop a shot in mid-air, so do not fire
unless you know exactly where your shot is going and
what it will strike. Never fire at a sound, a
movement or a patch of color. A hunter in camouflage
can easily be mistaken for a target by an impulsive
shooter. Before you pull the trigger, be absolutely
sure of your target and what's behind it. Make sure
your shot has a backstop such as a hillside or dense
material like sand.
Remember, bullets can travel great distances with
tremendous velocity. Know how far your shot will go
if you miss your target or the bullet ricochets. If
you miss your target or if the bullet penetrates the
target, it is your responsibility to ensure that the
shot does not cause unintended injury or damage.
5. RULE: USE PROPER AMMUNITION. ONLY USE FACTORY-LOADED,
NEW AMMUNITION MANUFACTURED TO INDUSTRY
SPECIFICATIONS: CIP (EUROPE AND ELSEWHERE), SAAMI
(USA). BE CERTAIN THAT EACH ROUND YOU USE IS IN THE
PROPER CALIBER OR GAUGE AND TYPE FOR THE PARTICULAR
Every firearm is designed to use a certain caliber
or gauge of ammunition. Using the wrong ammunition,
mixing ammunition or using improperly reloaded
ammunition can cause serious personal injury or
death. And it only takes one cartridge or shotshell
of the incorrect caliber or gauge, or which has been
improperly reloaded to destroy your firearm.
As a gun owner it's your responsibility to make sure
the ammunition you use exactly matches the caliber
or gauge of your gun. Refer to the instruction
manual to find out the specific requirements of your
firearm. Always read and heed the instructions on
Confusing shells or cartridges can cause serious
personal injury or death and destroy your firearm.
Examine your shells and cartridges closely and use
only the precise caliber or gauge for your specific
For example, suppose you accidentally loaded a 20ga.
shell into a 12ga. shotgun. Because the 20ga. shell
is too small for the chamber, the 20ga. shell could
travel down the barrel and get lodged in the bore .If
you then loaded a standard 12ga. shell behind it and
fire, the 12ga. shot will slam into the lodged 20ga.
shell and may cause the barrel to explode right in
your hands. This is commonly called a 12/20 burst,
and it can kill you.
Check all ammunition before you load it to make sure
it matches your gun's requirements. Every cartridge
and shell is head-stamped with its caliber or gauge
for easy identification.
Likewise, you'll find the caliber or gauge of your
new ZAFER firearm imprinted on the barrel.
RELOADING REQUIRES EXTRA DILIGENCE.
If you're an ammunition reloader, you are
responsible for personally assuring that the loads
and components of your reloaded ammunition meet your
gun's factory-tested standards. Never use ammunition
which has been reloaded by someone else!
Many shooters hand load as a hobby or to save money
on commercial, factory made ammunition. However, it
requires a thorough knowledge of reloading
procedures and a deep respect for the explosive
potential of gunpowder.
Firearms are designed, manufactured and proof-tested
to standards based on factory loaded ammunition.
Hand loaded or reloaded ammunition that deviates,
either intentionally or inadequately, from load or
component recommendations can be very dangerous.
Reloaders must observe all possible safety
precautions and practices related to the proper
handling of explosives. Whether you're a seasoned
reloader or just starting out, you should study the
subject, watch reloading demonstrations and talk to
The first rule of reloading is to always follow the
manufacturer's instructions for the components
you're using. They'll tell you to follow certain
1. Don't mix or substitute powders or primers.
2. Don't use unknown or substandard components.
3. Use only suitable components that have been
factory tested by reputable ammunition, powder and
4. Always be sure to use the manufacturer's
recommended recipe when reloading.
Not following these guidelines could result in
severe damage to your firearm or yourself.
Dangerously high pressure and explosions can result
from an overcharge of powder, use of the wrong
powder, incorrect shot selection or other deviations
from established reloading guidelines. Be very
Never smoke while reloading.
Primers and powders are also highly toxic and
flammable. So after reloading, be sure to clean up
all materials from your work area. Don't leave
primer or powder spills anywhere on the floor or
bench top. Dispose of all waste materials in
accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
Finally, when reloading or hand loading concentrate
on what you're doing at all times. Do not be
distracted by talking to others, listening to the
radio or watching TV while reloading.
Never reload after or while consuming alcoholic
beverages or drugs of any kind. You are working with
extremely hazardous materials and you can't risk
even a few seconds of distraction.
Remember, if you reload, you are the ammunition
manufacturer and you are responsible for the
performance and safety of your reloaded ammunition.
6. RULE: LEAD WARNING
The process of reloading exposes you to
environmentally hazardous materials. Lead is the
most common substance in bullets and shot. It is
important to handle lead bullets and shot with
extreme care. Work only in a well-ventilated area
and always wash your hands after exposure and before
Discharging firearms in poorly ventilated areas,
cleaning firearms or handling ammunition may result
in exposure to lead and other substances known to
cause birth defects, reproductive harm, and other
serious physical injury. Have adequate ventilation
at all times. Wash hands thoroughly after exposure
7. RULE: IF YOUR GUN FAILS TO FIRE WHEN THE
TRIGGER IS PULLED, HANDLE WITH CARE!
If for some reason the ammunition doesn't fire when
you pull the trigger, stop and remember the first
Rule - always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe
direction. Keep your face away from the breech, then
put the safety on, carefully open the action, unload
the firearm and dispose of the cartridge safely.
Remember anytime there's a shell in the chamber,
your gun is loaded and ready to use. Even if you
tried to shoot and your gun didn't fire, treat your
firearm as if it could still discharge.
8. RULE: ALWAYS WEAR EYE AND EAR PROTECTION WHEN
Your sight and hearing risk injury from shooting and
should be protected at all times. Wear protective
shooting glasses to guard against falling shot, clay
target chips, powder residue, ruptured cartridge
cases and even twigs and branches in the field. Also
be sure to wear eye protection when you're
disassembling or cleaning a gun so that tensioned
parts (like springs) and cleaning solvents don't
come in contact with your eyes.
Continued exposure to shooting noise can permanently
damage your hearing. On the range, where shooting
volume is the loudest, be sure to use the maximum
protection of a headset. And learn to use earplugs
in the field, especially in confined locations like
9. RULE: BE SURE THE BARRELS CLEAR OF
OBSTRUCTIONS BEFORE SHOOTING.
Before loading your gun, open the action and make
sure there's no ammunition in the chamber or
magazine. Check the barrel for any obstructions or
debris. Even a small amount of snow, mud, excess
lubricant or grease in the bore can dangerously
increase pressure and cause the barrel to bulge or
burst when firing. Use a cleaning rod and patch to
wipe away anti-rust compounds or any other residues
or obstructions in the barrel. Never try to shoot
out an obstruction by loading another shell and
When firing, rely on your instincts. If the noise or
recoil of your firearm seems off or weak, stop
everything, unload your firearm and be sure nothing
is lodged in the barrel. Remember the 12/20 burst?
That's what can happen when the barrel is obstructed.
So always be sure you're using the correct
ammunition in your firearm and that it's free of
10. RULE: DON'T ALTER OR MODIFY YOUR GUN AND HAVE
IT SERVICED REGULARLY.
Your firearm has been designed to operate according
to certain factory specifications. You'll jeopardize
your safety and that of others around you by
attempting to alter its trigger, safety or other
mechanisms. So never alter or modify your firearm in
Like any mechanical device, a firearm is subject to
wear. It must be maintained and periodically
serviced to assure optimum safety and performance.
Don't allow anyone to service, repair or modify your
ZAFER firearm unless they are a qualified ZAFER
service facility. Consult your instruction manual
for instructions on how to send your firearm to the
factory or for the location of the nearest ZAFER repair station.
Store and carry your firearm so that dirt or lint
does not accumulate in the working parts.
Clean and oil your firearm, following the
instructions provided in this manual, after each use
to prevent corrosion, damage to the barrel or
accumulation of impurities which can prevent use of
the gun in an emergency. Always check the barrel
prior to loading to ensure that it is clean and free
from obstructions. Firing against an obstruction can
rupture the barrel and injure yourself or others
nearby. In case you hear an unusual noise when
shooting, stop firing immediately, engage the manual
safety and unload the firearm.
Make sure the chamber is free from any obstruction
or possible bullet blocked inside the barrel due to
defective or improper ammunition.
Proper cleaning and lubrication are also important
to firearm maintenance and are necessary to assure
accuracy, safety and reliability. Before cleaning,
always make sure that your gun is completely
unloaded. And always clean the barrel from the
chamber end to the muzzle when possible.
Make it a practice to clean your bore every time
you're going to shoot. Be sure to clean your entire
gun before and after long-term storage, and no less
than once a year. It's also important to clean your
gun whenever it's been exposed to adverse conditions
such as rain, dirt, mud, snow, sleet or saltwater.
For safe and dependable operation of your firearm,
all parts of your gun must be properly cleaned and
lubricated. Periodically inspect the internal
workings of your firearm to be sure they're clean
and free of rust, unwanted dirt and debris.
Use recommended lubricants on your gun and do not
over-lubricate. Excessive use of a non-recommended
lubricant could adversely affect the function and
safe operation of your firearm.
Remember, you are responsible for the proper care
and maintenance of your firearm. Failure to properly
maintain your firearm can not only damage or ruin
your firearm, it can expose you and others to
unnecessary risks of personal injury or death.
There are a wide range of firearm care products and
resources on the market to help you get the best
results cleaning your gun. Everything from solvents
and lubricants to rods and patches. They're all
available from your dealer.
11. RULE: LEARN THE MECHANICAL AND HANDLING
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIREARM YOU ARE USING.
Not all guns are alike. They have different
mechanical characteristics that dictate how you
should carry and handle them. Anyone who plans to
use a firearm should first become totally familiar
with the type of firearm it is and the safe handling
procedures for loading, unloading, carrying,
shooting and storing it.
Before you even unpack your new ZAFER firearm, read
the instruction manual from cover to cover and
familiarize yourself with the different component
parts of the gun. Then read, understand and follow
the 13 rules of safety in this booklet.
12. RULE: SHOOT SOBER!
There's one other rule that must be followed when
handling firearms. In fact, respect for this rule is
necessary in order to effectively practice the other
rules of Firearm Safety. The rule is: SHOOT SOBER!
Alcohol, drugs and guns are a deadly combination.
Never consume anything that would even mildly impair
your judgment or physical coordination when you're
using a firearm. A staggering percentage of the
shooting accidents that occur every year involve
alcohol or drugs. Be smart. Shoot sober and stay
13. GENERAL RULE:
Let common sense rule. Learn your official and